Forty top international and Australian academics and researchers including myself have written to the Therapeutics Goods Administration in support of the application to make lower concentrations of nicotine available for use in electronic cigarettes (“vaping”).
Within Australia, it is illegal to possess or use nicotine besides in tobacco or nicotine-replacement products, as nicotine is classified in the Poisons Standard being a Schedule 7 “dangerous poison”.
Since the primary addictive part of tobacco smoke, nicotine is area of the problem. However, this may also be part of the solution. Using clean nicotine in e-cigarettes provides smokers with the alternative way of getting the nicotine that they are addicted minus the tobacco smoke which induces almost all of the harm from smoking.
Along with delivering nicotine, e-cigarettes replicate several crucial sides from the “smoking experience”. This can include the hand-to-mouth movement and the sensory and social facets of the habit of smoking that smokers so often miss when they make an effort to quit.
How harmful is nicotine?
The results of nicotine are relatively minor. It is far from a carcinogen and fails to cause respiratory disease. It has only relatively minor effects on the heart, including short-lived rises in heartrate and blood pressure level, constriction of coronary arteries and an increase in the contracting in the heart muscle.
Nicotine in pregnancy harms the baby’s developing brain and lungs and reduces growth. Additionally it is bad for the adolescent brain, delays wound healing and increases insulin resistance. There is some evidence in laboratory studies that nicotine may promote existing cancers.
However, when separated from your toxins in tobacco smoke and utilized in its pure form, there is little evidence of long term harm from nicotine exposure in humans outside pregnancy and adolescence.
Research has found the health risks from vaping are unlikely to be more than 5% of the chance of smoking, and could well be substantially below this. As the vast majority of vapor cigarette wholesale users are smokers or recent ex-smokers, this represents an enormous health benefit for people who switch to vaping.
The result of vaping on bystanders can also be regarded as negligible. E-cigarettes release lower levels of nicotine and minimal quantities of other chemicals to the ambient air. The expired vapour dissipates quickly with no significant health risks to bystanders.
Recent studies have found nicotine is much less toxic than previously thought. Many instances of intentional overdose with nicotine solutions lead to prompt vomiting and full recovery.
Similarly, accidental poisoning in kids typically causes mild negative effects. Serious outcomes are rare. Most child poisoning with nicotine may be prevented with sound judgment, childproof packaging and warning labels, just like other potentially toxic medicines and cleaning products found in the home.
Overseas experience indicates e-cigarettes are certainly not a gateway to smoking for young adults. Although adolescents are tinkering with e-cigarettes, regular use by non-smokers is rare. The excellent most of adolescents use nicotine-free e-cigarettes.
Actually, the evidence suggests e-cigarettes are acting being an “exit gateway” and therefore are displacing smoking. It is actually obviously better for young people to not use e-cigarettes, but vaping is preferable to smoking.
Smokers who want to decrease the health risks from smoking are using e-cigarettes almost exclusively as a safer alternative to combustible tobacco. After 10 years of overseas’ experience, there is certainly xocplg evidence e-cigarettes are renormalising smoking, are undermining tobacco control or are used to any significant extent for temporary, not permanent, abstinence (for example, in places in which you can’t smoke).
Why nicotine ought to be legalised
Paradoxically, current Australian laws ban a less harmful form of nicotine intake (e-cigarettes) while allowing the widespread sale of the very lethal type of nicotine intake (tobacco cigarettes). In spite of the legal restrictions and difficulties of access, e-cigarette use has become growing rapidly within australia.
Amending the Poisons Standard would allow smokers who are unable or unwilling to quit smoking to legally access low concentrations of nicotine for harm reduction. Additionally it is legally utilized in nicotine-replacement therapies including patches, so why not e-cigarettes?
Regulation beneath the Australian Consumer Law would improve product safety and quality, restrict sales to minors and make sure child-resistant containers and appropriate advertising. It could also get rid of the black market and also the risks related to it.
Research recently estimated over 6 million European Union citizens have used e-cigarettes to stop smoking. In the UK, 1.3 million ex-smokers are employing an e-cigarette. Similarly, it is likely hundreds of thousands of Australians will stop smoking tobacco using e-cigarettes if nicotine is legally available.