UUttarakhand, earlier Uttaranchal, is actually a state in the northern part of India. It is sometimes called the “Land of theGods” Devbhoomi Uttarakhand (Hindi: ???????) due to the many holy Hindu temples and pilgrimage centres found throughout the state. Devbhoomi Uttarakhand is renowned for its natural splendor of the| Himalayas, the Bhabhar as well as the Terai. On 9 November 2000, this 27th state of the Republic of India was carved out of the Himalayan and adjoining northwestern districts of Uttar Pradesh. It borders the Tibet Autonomous Region on the north; the Mahakali Zone of the Far-Western Region, Nepal on the east; and the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh to the south and Himachal Pradesh to the northwest. Their state is divided into two divisions, Garhwal and Kumaon, having a total of 13 districts. The provisional capital of Uttarakhand is Dehradun, the greatest city in the area, which is actually a railhead. The high court of the state is within Nainital.
Archaeological evidence support the presence of humans in the area since prehistoric times. Among the first major dynasties of Garhwal and Kumaon were the Kunindas within the 2nd century BCE who practised a young kind of Shaivism. Ashokan edicts at Kalsi show the initial presence of Buddhism in this region. Through the medieval period the location was consolidated beneath the Kumaon and Garhwal kingdom. By 1803 the region fell towards the Gurkha Empire of Nepal and with the conclusion from the Anglo-Nepalese War in 1816 the majority of modern Uttarakhand was ceded towards the British as part of the Treaty of Sugauli. Even though erstwhile hill kingdoms of ek dham yatra were traditional rivals, the proximity of various neighbouring ethnic groups as well as the inseparable and complementary nature of their geography, economy, culture, language, and traditions created strong bonds between the two regions which further strengthened through the movement for statehood in the 1990s.
The natives of the state are usually called either Garhwali or Kumaoni according to their host to origin. In accordance with the 2011 census of India, Uttarakhand features a population of 10,116,752, rendering it the 19th most populous state in India. A big area of the population consists of Rajputs and Brahmins. A lot more than 88% in the population follow Hinduism. Muslims are definitely the largest minority within the state with Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, and Jains being another major religions. Garhwali and Kumaoni along with other hilly dialects and sub-dialects are the main regional languages, whereas Hindi is regarded as the widely spoken language. Uttarakhand will be the only state in India with Sanskrit as one of its official languages.
Two of the most important rivers in Hinduism originate in the region, the Ganga at Gangotri and also the Yamuna at Yamunotri. Both of these along with Badrinath and Kedarnath make up the Chota Char Dham, a holy pilgrimage for the Hindus. The state hosts the Bengal tiger in Jim Corbett National Park, the oldest national park from the Indian subcontinent. The optskj of Flowers, a Unesco World Heritage Site based in the upper expanses of Bhyundar Ganga near Joshimath in Gharwal region, is known for the variety and rarity of the flowers and plants.
Each district is governed with a district commissioner or district magistrate. The districts are further divided into sub-divisions, that are governed by sub-divisional magistrates; sub-divisions comprise blocks containing panchayats (village councils) and town municipalities. According to the 2011 census, Haridwar, Dehradun, and Udham Singh Nagar are definitely the most populous districts, each of them possessing a population well over a million.
Devbhimu Uttarakhand has special reason to rejoice and celebrate as this land has, since the past, been the land of Gods and sages. The land in which the excellent arts of life like yoga and meditation emanated from. It really has been the place to find legendary sages like Ved Vyas and Rabhya Rishi.
This land in the gods has several sites that link it for the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. The fantastic Dronacharya meditated on the banks of the Tonnes river within the Doon valley whilst the tenth Sikh Guru, Gobind Singh, meditated at Hemkund lake which finds mention in “Bachitra Natak”, the autobiography of Guru Gobind Singh. Hemkund is also believed to be lokpal, a spot existing from your times of Ramayana. It is said that lokpal was where lakshman sat on meditation. lokpal has become related to lakshman, to be his favorite place. There are many stories about lakshman along with his attachment with this place. Additionally it is considered that lakshman meditated with this lake and regained health after being wounded by Meghnad, son of Ravana. Even the Ganga, which was part of our country’s history, religion and culture since times immemorial, reflects a maturity, serenity and calmness as it flows through Rishikesh and Hardwar. The mighty river itself appears to be in deep meditation in these two sacred cities