The Birth of the United States Post Office – In early colonial times most correspondence happened between the colonists and England. The King’s authorities would read and scour all the information and mail which was being sent. Correspondence between the colonies relied on trusted friends, merchants, or friendly Native Americans.
Around 1639 Richard Fairbanks’ Tavern in Boston, Massachusetts was designated because the official repository of mail from the General Court of Massachusetts (appointed by the King). Using taverns as mail drops was common practice in England, as well as the colonists adopted this practice as well. Local authorities designated by town representatives and Post Office Store Near Me inside the colonies, some of which are still around today.
In 1673, Governor Francis Lovelace of New York set up a monthly mailing post between Ny and Boston. The post rider’s trail became called Old Boston Post Road, that is part of today’s U.S. Route 1. Old Post Road in North Attleborough, Massachusetts was part of this rider’s trail and it is one among the oldest roads in America.
In 1683, William Penn, founder of Pennsylvania as well as a leader inside the Quaker community, established its’ first post office. Slaves or private messengers delivered communications in one plantation to a different.
Most importantly, Thomas Neale received a twenty-twelve months grant in 1691 from your British Crown to start a North American postal service. Neale had never laid foot on North American soil, so he appointed then Governor Andrew Hamilton of the latest Jersey as his Deputy Postmaster General. Neale’s franchise cost him only 80 cents annually. In 1699, he assigned his interests in America over to Andrew Hamilton and R. West. Neale died heavily in debt as a result of this endeavor.
By 1707, the British Government had purchased the rights to the North American postal service through the widow of Andrew Hamilton and R. West. The government then appointed Andrew Hamilton’s son, Andrew, as Deputy Postmaster General of America. He served until 1721 as he was succeeded by John Lloyd of Charleston, South Carolina.
In 1730, Alexander Spotswood, a former lieutenant governor of Virginia, became Deputy Postmaster General for America. Seven years later, Spotswood appointed Benjamin Franklin as postmaster of Philadelphia. In 1753, Bejamin Franklin and William Hunter who was postmaster of Williamsburg, Virginia, were appointed through the British Crown as Joint Postmasters for that colonies. Upon Hunter’s death in 1761, a man called John Foxcroft of New York succeeded him, serving till the outbreak of the Revolutionary War.
During his time being a Joint Postmaster General for that Crown, Benjamin Franklin influenced many important and lasting improvements inside the colonial posts. He immediately begun to reorganize the service; he inspected Light Blue in the North so that as far south as Virginia. New surveys were made, milestones were put on principal roads, and new and shorter routes were presented. For the first time, post riders carried mail at night between Philadelphia and New York, as well as the travel time had been shortened in two.
William Goddard, a publisher, set up a post for colonial only mail service. This is outside of the British crown and was funded by purchasing subscriptions. Net revenues were to be used to improve his postal service. In 1774 Goddard suggested to Congress that the colonies combine to form a United Postal Service. He thought that this would be a means to separate the colonies’ mail from your British postal inspectors. This way they could communicate colonial news only to the colonies. Goddard proposed his idea of a postal service to Congress 2 yrs before the Declaration of Independence was signed
By 1774 colonists did not trust the British crown and viewed the royal post office with suspicion. Benjamin Franklin was dismissed of his post duties through the Crown for his actions. The crown believed that Franklin was displaying sympathy to the reason for the colonies. In September 1774, shortly after the Boston riots, known today as the Boston Massacre, the colonies begun to apart from England. A Continental Congress was organized at Philadelphia in May 1775 to determine a completely independent government. Among the first questions before the delegates was how to convey and deliver the mail.
Using the Revolutionary War imminent, the Continental Congress assembled and enacted the “Constitutional Post.” This act ensured that communications between the public and patriots, or those fighting for America’s independence, continued. On July 26, 1775, the Second Continental Congress chose Benjamin Franklin as the nation’s first Postmaster General. The establishment from the organization that became the Post Office Hours nearly two centuries later traces back to this date and Ben Franklin. In 1760, Franklin reported a surplus for the British Postmaster General.
Franklin dedicated himself in this particular position, as well as much others, to meet George Washington’s dream of an information highway involving the citizens and government. Like Goddard, whose idea would be to become united, Washington believed, that being a nation, we might forever be bound together by a communication system of roads. When Franklin left office in November of 1776, post fkjiwq operated from Florida to Canada and mail involving the colonies and England was operating over a regular schedule.
America’s present day postal service descends from an unbroken line of the system Franklin created, planned, and placed in operation. History rightfully affords him major credit for establishing the basis in the postal service that has performed magnificently for your American people.